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  • 成人高考英語復習資料參考(八篇)

    更新:2019-10-29 16:13:08 來源:思而學教育網 www.www.cgshs.com





    可數名詞表示某類人或東西中的個體。如table, country。

    或表示若干個體組成的集合體。如 family, people, committee, police。

    不可數名詞表示無法分為個體的實物。如air, tea, furniture, water。

    或表示動作、狀態、品質、感情等抽象概念。如work, information, advice, happiness。


    如room 房間(可數),空間(不可數)

    time 時間(不可數),次數(可數)

    fish 魚(不可數),各種各樣的魚(可數)


    There are nine rooms in the house. (房間,可數名詞)

    There isnt enough room for us three in the car . (空間,不可數名詞)


    如: 一塊肉 a piece of meat

    兩條長面包 two loaves of bread

    三件家具 three articles of furniture

    一大筆錢 a large sum of money




    1.一般情況下在名詞后加-s。如:girls, books。


    2.以s, x , ch, sh結尾的詞在名詞后加-es。如:glasses, boxes, matches, bushes。

    ★以s, x , ch, sh結尾,es發[iz]

    3.“輔音字母+y”結尾的詞,變y為i再加-es。如:city-cities, country-countries。

    4.以o結尾的詞多數加-es。如:heroes, tomatoes, potatoes。

    radios, zoos, photos, pianos, kilos 例外。

    5.f, fe 結尾的詞,多數變f,fe為v再加-es。如:thief-thieves, leaf-leaves, half-halves, life-lives, wife-wives, knife-knives。

    少數名詞有不規則的復數形式。如:man-men, woman-women, foot-feet, tooth-teeth, child-children, mouse-mice。


    個別名詞的單數和復數的形式是一樣的。如Chineses, Japanese, sheep, deer。



    名詞的所有格表示所屬關系, 起形容詞的作用。

    當名詞表示有生命的東西時,所有格一般是在詞尾加 s 。

    如:Jeans room, my daughter-in-laws friends, my daughters-in-laws friends, childrens books。

    如果名詞已經有了復數詞尾s, 則只需加。如:the teachers books, my parents car。

    時間名詞的所有格在后面加s ,復數加 。如:todays newspaper, five minutes walk。


    如:the top of the world, the cover of the book, Chinas capital。

    加 s 或 的名詞所有格可以表示店鋪或某人的家。

    如:the grocers, the tailors, the Smiths 。








    All roads lead to Rome。(條條大路通羅馬。)

    His brother is an industrial engineer。

    The number of the students attending the party is increasing。

    ★the number of 表示數量,無論后面名詞是復數還是單數,謂語動詞是單數形式。

    Two-thirds of the shop belongs to me。

    ★two-thirds 三分之二


    belong to 屬于某人

    Both of us are studying English。

    ★總結:在名詞作主語時,the number of 謂語動詞單數形式;


    both 謂語使用復數形式。


    All the money he received was given to his mother。

    Forgetting the past means betrayal。

    What we are talking now is useless。

    3.主語部分若有as well as, with, together with, like, but, except等短語,謂語動詞的單、復數與短語前面的名詞一致。

    Mary, as well as her two sisters, is a student of this school。

    (as well as her two sisters 作主語Mary的主語補足語,主語 Mary 是單數,所以謂語動詞用復數形式)

    No one except my friends knows anything about it。


    Three times two is six。

    Three kilometers is 3,ooo metres. (three kilometers作為整體來看)

    5.Either, neither作主語時,謂語動詞用單數形式。

    Neither of us has been to Italy。

    Has either of them been to Shanghai?


    None of the students have/has seen the film。

    None of the money belongs to me。

    6.主語由either…or, neither…nor, not only…but also連接時,謂語形式由最鄰近的主語決定。

    Not only you but also I am wrong。

    Neither my aunt nor I am going out this afternoon。

    Either you or she is to do the work。


    The bread and butter is nice。

    8.主語前有many a, more than one修飾時,謂語動詞用單數形式。

    Many a book has been read by the students。

    ★many a book=many books

    More than one person has been to the Great Wall。


    The committee meets once a year. (作為整體)

    The committee are having a meeting now. (作為獨立個體)

    People, police作主語時,謂語動詞用復數形式。

    The police have come to arrest him。




    Give me a pen please。

    We go shopping twice a week。


    Yesterday we visited an English secondary school。

    She picked up a magazine and began to read。


    He works as a language teacher in that university。

    As a writer, he is successful。

    Even a child can answer this question。





    Give me the magazine。

    Have you decided on the prices yet?

    The book on the table is an English dictionary。

    Beijing is the capital of China。


    Last week, I saw a flim. The film is about a love story between two middle-aged people。

    The old man saw a house in the field. He went into the house and found a beautiful girl sitting there and singing。


    the poor 窮人 the rich 富人 the wounded 受傷的人

    the sick 生病的人 the beautiful 美麗的事物 the old 老年人

    the young 年青人


    the moon, the sun, the earth

    The moon moves aroud the earth。

    We have friends all over the world。

    Dont build castles in the air。

    5.用于序數詞、方位名詞、形容詞與副詞的級前面,副詞級前面的the 可以省略。

    January is the first month of the year。

    The sun rises in the east。

    Japan lies to the east of China。

    Beijing lies in the north of China。

    Ireland lies on the Great Britain。

    At the Childrens Palace, some children learn to play the piano, others learn to play the violin。

    Last week we went to the theatre。

    Among the three girls she speaks English the best。


    We are walking south。


    Monday is my busiest day。


    The Lius have moved to Guangzhou。

    The Simths came to China for visit in 1996.


    Drink some water。

    Is the water in the well fit for drink?

    What do you think of the music?

    He cant take the advice his mother gives him。


    absent from不在,缺席abundant in富于

    alien to與……相反angry with sb at/about sth生氣,憤怒

    anxious about/for憂慮,擔心appropriate for/to適當,合適

    applicable to適用于apt at聰明,善于

    apt to易于ashamed of羞愧,害臊

    approximate to近擬,接近aware of意識到

    abailable to sb for sth可用,可供bare of幾乎沒有,缺乏

    bound for開往…… capable of能夠

    careful of/about/with;小心,注意certain of /about確信,肯定

    about/in doing characteristic of特有,獨特

    clear of沒有,不接觸clever at善于

    close to接近,親近comparable to/with可比較

    conscious of察覺到,意識到consequent on隨之而來

    considerate towards體諒,體貼contemporary with與……同時代

    content with滿足于contrary to違反

    counter to與……相反crazy about熱衷,著迷

    critical of挑剔,批評curious about好奇,想知道

    distinct from種類(風格)不同doubtful of /about懷疑

    east of在……東面equal to相等,勝任

    equivalent to等于,相當于essential to/for必不可少

    expert at/in/on善于faithful to忠實于

    familiar to sb為……所熟悉familiar with sth熟悉,通曉

    fatal to致命的favourable to支持,贊成

    favourable for有幫助的fearful of懼怕

    fit for適于foreign to非……所原有

    fond of喜歡free of /from未受……;免費

    free with康慨,大方guilty of有……罪的

    hungry for渴望ignorant of不知道

    impatient at sth.不耐煩impatient of無法容忍

    with sb independent of不受……支配

    impatient for急切,渴望indifferent to無興趣,不關心

    indignant with sb.憤慨inferior to級別低于,不如

    ab/about sth innocent of無……罪,無辜

    intent on專心于invisible to不可見的jealous of嫉妒keep on愛好,很喜歡

    liable for對……有責任liable to易于

    loyal to忠于mad at/with sb.生氣,憤怒mad with因……發狂next to下一個,其次

    necessary to /for必要的opposite to在對面

    open to不限制,開放的particular about挑剔,講究

    arallel to與……平等,類似peculiar to獨特的,獨有的

    atient with有耐心prior to在……之前

    opular with受……喜愛,愛戴rePsentative of代表……的

    relative to與……有關rich in富于

    responsible for負責,是……原因sensitive to對……敏感

    sensible of覺查到sick of厭惡,厭倦

    short of缺少skilled at /in善于

    similar to相似sufficient for足夠的

    subject to受制于,易于superior to優于,級別高于

    suitable for/to適合于suspicious of懷疑

    sure of /about對……有信心,確信typical of是典型的,特有的

    tired of對……不在感興趣votal to對……關系重大

    uncertain of /about不確知mad about/on狂熱迷戀

    void of沒有,缺乏


    這里用to man 而不用by.即當單數又無冠詞的man和known搭配時,表示人類不用by.



    例;一天one day (不說on one day)

    one summer 在一個夏天

    one year 一年

    Iast nieht 昨天夜里

    last Friday 上個星期五

    last month 上月

    last year 去年

    yesterday afternoon 昨天下午

    tomorrow afternoon 明天下午

    tomorrow evening 明天晚上

    next month 下個月

    next week 下周

    next year 明年

    next Saturday 下星期六

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